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Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

(7 May 1840–6 November 1893)

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (Russian: Пётр Ильич Чайкоский; tr. Pyotr Ilyich Chaykovsky) (May 7, 1840 – November 6, 1893) was a Russian composer whose works included symphonies, concertos, operas, ballets, and chamber music. Some of these are amongst the most popular concert and theatrical music in the classical repertoire. He was the first Russian composer whose music made a lasting impression internationally, which he bolstered with appearances as a guest conductor later in his career in Europe and the United States. One of these appearances was at the inaugural concert of Carnegie Hall in New York City in 1892. Tchaikovsky was honored in 1844 by Tsar Alexander III, and awarded a lifetime pension in the late 1880s.


Opera Premiere or date of written Libretti available
Eugene Onegin One of the greatest operas 1879, March 29 russian, german, english
The Queen of Spades 1890, December 19 russian
Iolanta 1892, October 18 russian


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